REVIEW: AMD Ryzen 5000 Vermeer desktop processors with Zen 3 cores


With the collaboration of AMD today we present our review for the new Ryzen 5000 Vermeer desktop processors, we will take a look to all the variants in this generation.

This new generation of processors focuses on improving performance per core and makes things very difficult for Intel. Thanks to the new Zen 3 architecture made with 7nm FinFET manufacturing process we have an unprecedented performance in AMD processors and the improvement of the internal architecture offers more instructions per clock cycle and greater prediction capability. Let’s see how this hardware combo performs in our usual detailed review.

SPECIFICATIONS

AMD Ryzen 9 5950XAMD Ryzen 9 5900XAMD Ryzen 7 5800XAMD Ryzen 5 5600X
ProcessTSMC 7 nm FinFETTSMC 7 nm FinFETTSMC 7 nm FinFETTSMC 7 nm FinFET
Cores161286
Threads32241612
Frec. Base3.4 GHz3.7 GHz3.8 GHz3.7 GHz
Frec. Máx4.9 GHz4.8 GHz4.7 GHz4.6 GHz
L2 Cache8MB6MB4MB3MB
L3 Cache64MB64MB32MB32MB
TDP105W105W105W65W
Chiplets2x CCD / 1x cIOD2x CCD / 1x cIOD1x CCD / 1x cIOD1x CCD / 1x cIOD

The Ryzen 5000 Vermeer 7nm CPUs are a considerable improvement over the successful 3000 series. As we will see in the performance tests of this benchmark, the performance per core has been substantially improved and the cycle flow has been optimized, something that was pending in these processors.

This generation of processors are based on Zen 3 cores, the main improvement in its design is the unification of the L3 cache to 32MB. With this all the integrated Cores can access this amount of memory much more efficiently reducing latency, all the cores of these processors also support SMT (Simultaneous MultiThreading) doubling the threads (threads) of execution, as we see in the table of processors there are no versions without SMT something that we had in Zen 2.

As we can see the new execution pipeline flow in Zen 3 processors means a 19% improvement in instructions per cycle compared to Zen 2. We have an improvement in predictions that distributes the operations between cache and decoding, also the output queue and the prediction error filter are better managed. The execution engine has also been significantly improved with more resources, also the load and store output phase has improved its performance per cycle.

The new AMD Ryzen 5000 continues with the successful design combining Zen CCD cores and cIOD controller where we find the Infinite Fabric bridge, IO manager and memory controller. As we can see this time we have up to 2x CCD in the high-end 5950X and 5900X processors and 1x CCD in the 5800X and 5600X processors. In this new range of processors the management of internal clocks fclk, uclk and mclk has also been improved, in this generation we can reach up to 4000 MHz improving the 3733 MHz of the Zen 2.

PERFORMANCE TEST

Test Hardware

We perform our tests on the AMD Ryzen 5000 processors with a common hardware, we have a motherboard with the new B550 chipset fully compatible with this generation of AMD processors. As we can see the Socket is still the immortal AM4, we recommend updating the BIOS as soon as the system is turned on.

To assemble the set we have opted for the following elements:

ReferencePrice
GPU / XFX Radeon RX 5600XT THICC III Pro$360
Motherboard / ASRock B550M-ITX/AC$129
Box / Cooler Master MasterBox TD500$99
RAM / HyperX Fury RGB (32 GB 2x SODIMM)$161
PSU / EVGA 600W BR$63
Cooling / Noctua NH-L9x65 SE-AM4$50
Disk / Sabrent 1TB Rocket NVMe$130

The new ASRock B550M-ITX/AC motherboard in mini-ITX format allows us to assemble a small computer with great power. In this new motherboard design we have the NVMe drive at the top which is appreciated, on the other hand the Noctua NH-U12S fan is sufficient for normal use and controlled overclock.

Cinebench R23

Performing the Cinebench R23 test we test how the CPU defends itself in both single-core and multi-core computing power, this test is undoubtedly one of the industry benchmarks. As we can see the processors with more cores and 105W TPD outperform the 5600X with 65W TPD  in multi-core but in single core we have very similar figures.

Geekbench 5

With the Geekbench 5 performance test we can see how the previous Cinebench results are corroborated. Both the multi-core and single-core performance maintains the figures of the previous test, making evident the differences between the 5950/5900/5800X range and the more economical 5600X processor.

PCMark 10

Using the PCMark 10 benchmark test we can see the real performance of the AMD Ryzen 5000 using desktop applications. In the new AMD Ryzen 5000 thanks to improvements in performance per cycle and the ability to manage multi-core processes in an excellent way we offer a noticeable improvement over the Ryzen 3000 with Zen 2 cores.

GAMING PERFORMANCE

The new AMD Ryzen 5000 processors are undoubtedly one of the best current options for Gaming as we will see in the test results. On the other hand if we combine them with an AMD Radeon 6000 GPU we will be able to activate SAM (Smart Access Memory) giving access to all the VRAM memory of the GPU through the PCI port and gaining 11% of additional performance.

3DMark

We passed the 3DMark Fire Spy performance test that gives us a general performance figure for games, a value that is a symbolic reference, because when it comes down to it, each game has a very different performance. As we checked in the tests the different processors of the AMD Ryzen 5000 range have a very similar performance in this test. For price the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is presented as the best option, only if we want to play with maximum settings in 4K we may need a Ryzen 7 5800X.

Games

We performed several tests with different games at 1440p resolution and identical settings to draw our conclusions to compare the performance. As we can see we have very good performance using any AMD Ryzen 5000, these are without doubt good processors for Gaming. As we can see in some cases the performance is almost identical between the top of the range of AMD and Intel in the same sector. To this data we should add SAM if we have a Radeon 6000 GPU that would theoretically give us an 11% of additional performance.

POWER CONSUMPTION AND TEMPERATURE

In terms of power consumption the new AMD Ryzen 5000 processors are divided into two groups. On the one hand we have the AMD Ryzen 5950/5900/5800X with a power consumption of 105 W TPD and on the other the 5600X with only 65 W TPD. Quite a big difference but it does not imply a thermal limitation as we have seen.

  • Overclocking: AMD Ryzen 5000 processors have a somewhat limited overclock range depending on the RAM speed we can achieve.

In the thermal aspect these processors do not present problems with consumption of 105 W or 65 W, in a daily use or playing temperatures are kept in a very low range and at idle status remains cool. The 7nm process helps a lot to the efficiency and it is also worth mentioning the improvement of CPU power consumption control with the Zen 3 cores.

Testing with our ASRock B550M-ITX/AC motherboard we only observed high temperatures in some elements of dissipation and voltage management on the motherboard. Undoubtedly the AMD Ryzen 5000 processors are a very good choice for those looking to mount a gaming system in a quiet tower, we can lower the revolutions of our fans if we adjust them to the demand.

Mi 9T, Android 10

CONCLUSIONS AND PURCHASE LINKS

Opinion

After testing the new AMD Ryzen 5000 processors we can say that we are facing an excellent generation by AMD, it also offers us a platform for the future if we install it on a B550/X570 board. These processors are intended for all sectors, undoubtedly the star is the 5600X for price is ideal for desktop use or Gaming and for its consumption of only 65W TDP, if we need more multi-core power or want to do extreme 4K Gaming the 5950/5900/5800X are an excellent choice depending on our budget.

These new AMD Ryzen 5000 processors are designed to be combined with a Radeon 6000 GPU and activate the SAM option, thus we will get more performance. The new AMD processors offer us a modern and efficient platform, where the optimization in the single core performance of the Zen 3 over the Zen 2 is evident, we also have very good multi-core power in different options depending on the price.

Undoubtedly the new AMD Ryzen 5000 are powerful and efficient processors for Gaming or work, currently we have little stock and prices are skyrocketing but certainly will give us years of good service.

Evaluation

PROSCONS
  • Good mono and multi-core performance
  • Low temperatures
  • Gaming enhancements with SAM
  • Excellent for Gaming or work
  • Low stock

Purchase options

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